Quick Guide How to Measure and Select a Castor

In order to purchase the correct Castor there are some critical dimensions we require to ensure we supply the correct wheel.

  • Use an accurate measuring devise.


  • Measure the total overall height of the castors means from the floor to the attaching surface



  • Wheel Diameter – this is the distance across the wheel from edge to edge


  • Top Plate Fitting the most common type, this is where the castor has four holes on a mounting plate enabling the castor to be bolted or screwed to an application- measure the outer plate edge to edge then the centre of the mounting holes


  • Bolt Hole Fitting: enabling a bolt or expander to be used to secure the castors to the Application.


The information above will give our technical sales people the basis to take your enquiry forward if you wish to continue the selection process unaided please read below.


Health & Safety:

The correct castor must be selected for the require application, cutting corner or trying to save money with cheaper or lighting loading carrying products is extremely dangerous and could cause manual handling injuries. Safety must come first!


Castor Selection Criteria


Load Capacity

Load Capacity are calculated in two methods depend on the anticipated type of load.  First establish if the loads are Liquid or Solid then apply the following:

(All of our advertised load ratings are based on the assumption that the floor surface is level and compact with no obstructions)


Liquid Loads:  If the load consist of liquids our calculation considers that the load can move  and could be over just two castors at one time:


Weight of  Application including Trolley

Load capacity of castor   =        ———————————————————-



Solid Loads:  Working to the principle that the application might not be parallel with the ground if the ground surface is uneven then only three castors will be supporting the load.



Weight of Application including Trolley

Load capacity of castor   =        ———————————————————-



Wheel Diameter

The basic principle to work to is that the Larger the wheel diameter the less resistance it requires to move and therefore a consideration at the design stage for any application using castors, if regular

movement is required.


Wheel Types

Before Selecting a wheel it is important to determine if the wheel material is compatible with the chemical environmental conditions, the temperature and humidity, all of which effect the wheels operation.

Wheels are available in a large variety of materials all of which are suitable for different environments and working condition.  Basic Principles applied:   The Harder a Wheel Tread the Easier the wheel will move and the less resistance to start motion.  The Strongest wheel are Steel Wheels which will carry the highest loads and with-standard the worst condition however they will damage floors and be noisy.


  1. Nylon Wheels offer the cheapest solution for a standard wheel, however liable to skid if obstructed buy small objects on the floor.
  2. Polyurethane tyred wheels with Nylon Centres are a good all round wheel they carry good loads, will not mark or damage floors.
  3. Grey Rubber Castor Wheels with Nylon Centres offer a non marking light weight solution general material handling application.
  4. Grey Rubber Tyred Steel centre castor Wheels offer a non marking light weight solution general material handling application the steel centre enables the wheel to handle higher shock impact loads.
  5. Aluminium centre Black Elastic Rubber Tyred Castor Wheels the elastic rubber enables with wheel to carry high weight loads whilst the Aluminium centre will dissipate the heat from the bore with greater ease.
  6. Black Rubber Tyre Steel Castor Wheels offer a light weight solution general material handling application the steel centre enables the wheel to handle higher shock impact loads.

7.Blue Elastic Rubber Castor Wheels this is a non marking  elastic rubber which  improves the load rating of the wheel.

  1. Cast Iron Centre Polyurethane tyred Castor Wheels this is the most common wheel used in heavy duty applications the polyurethane offer high load capacity and the cast iron core with Ball Bearing bore offers a robust core to handle the loads.
  2. Cast Iron Castor Wheels very strong wheels which work well in hard condition where some temperature could be involved for example a powered coaters
  3. Height Temperature Resin Castor Wheels a perfect solution where the wheels need to with standard high temperatures for periods of time most commonly found in Bakeries.
  4. Aluminium centre Polyurethane tyred Castor Wheels this is the most company wheel used in heavy duty applications the polyurethane offer high load capacity and the Aluminium core will dissipate the heat build up better, this wheel offers a lighter unit weight compared to the cast iron core. Important if you forward applications via couriers.

12.Pneumatic Tyred Castor Wheels a great solution if your application needs to work over rough terrain.

  1. Solid Rubber Castor Wheels standard Trolley wheels used in many applications offer reasonable weight loads and large wheel diameters.






Plain Bore 

Normally part of the moulded wheel or a nylon bush may have been inserted so the wheel will run directly on a shaft or axle.


Needle Roller Bearings

A cage holds steel roller together (needles) this will be found in the bore of wheel measure as the final required bore.  Needle roller bearings will reduce friction between the axle or shaft and the wheel.


Ball Bearings

Precision Steel Balls encapsulated in a steel cage will reduce the friction between the wheel and axle of shaft – best suited for very high loads



Castor Housings Types


Castors come in three main types:


Top Plate Swivel Castors: 

Four Hole Fixing Points on a Mounting Plate this Style of Castor will Swivel 360 degrees.


Top Plate Swivel Braked Castors:

Four Hole Fixing Points on a Mounting Plate this Style of Castor will Swivel 360 degrees complete with a locking system to brake the Wheel and the Swivel Motion


Top Plate Fixed Castors:

Four Hole Fixing Points on a Mounting Plate this Style of Castor is Rigid and will only travel in one direction.


Top Plate Swivel Directional Lock Castors:

Four Hole Fixing Points on a Mounting Plate this Style of Castor will Swivel 360 degrees complete with a Directional locking system which enables the directional of travel to be locked into one position (this does not lock the wheel or swivel)


Top Plate Swivel Directional Lock Braked Castors:

Four Hole Fixing Points on a Mounting Plate this Style of Castor will Swivel 360 degrees complete with a Directional locking system which enables the directional of travel to be locked into one position complete with a locking system to brake the Wheel and the Swivel Action


Bolt Hole Castors:

Single Fixing Point Bolt Hole Castors will Swivel 360 degrees.


Bolt Hole Braked Castors:

Single Fixing Point Bolt Hole Braked Castors will Swivel 360 degrees and Brake the Wheel and Swivel Action.

Swivel Radius

The distance from the centre of the castor head fitting to the outside of the wheel is known as swivel radius and is very important to ensure your castor does not foul on your application when rotating 360 degrees.


Castors are designed to travel at 4kph , if your application is going faster then please talk to our technical sales team




News Letter August 2019

Coldene Blockbusting Success

Since Coldene was established in 2005 we have been supplying our products for major Hollywood blockbuster movies, produced in studios around the UK and Europe. Recently our castors have been featured in Star wars, the new Fast & Furious Hobbs & Shaw and the The Curse James Bond 25. Unfortunately, our products rarely make a main screen appearance but behind the sense they keep the production rolling.



Coldene manufacturing output increases

Manufacturing in the UK has taken off better than any of our plans could of forecasted clients are very keen to engage with our new division, and we are now making bespoke wheels and castors for some major OEM companies around Europe as a result we are pushing our fledgling  manufacturing department to the limit. Therefore we would like to introduce Gemma to our engineering team. Gemma will be focusing on production planning to improve the flow of work.


PPMA reminder – Stand G94

If you haven’t signed up to visit the PPMA Total show here is a little reminder!

We will be at stand G94 showing off our conveyor levelling feet, IP67 bearings and castors.

ppma 2019.png



Coldene are regularly uploading posts onto Facebook and Twitter. Go follow us to be up to date with our manufacturing and engineering.

Twitter – @coldene_castors

Facebook – @coldenecastor

YouTube – Coldene Castors


Is your height an issue !! Introducing Coldene Castors new low-level castor range

Here at Coldene we have recently introduced a new low-level castor range. Made for applications where overall height is restricted but quality is still needed.

Low Level castor selection from Coldene Castors

We have serval castor types which make up this range.

Starting with our corner furniture castor- A perfect solution to mobilise any furniture. Simply attached to any right angle edge.

Next our foot plate castors. This range is ideally for any application which requires infrequent movement, a load foot at the read offers a firm static base by raising the wheel off the ground. Suitable for applications where it doesn’t need to be moved regularly.  For example a display stand with a removable plinth.

Footmaster castors are unique as they are a fully functional low level extra heavy duty castor combined with an anti-vibration load foot ideally for heavy equipment which mainly remains static but will require the ability to be moved.

The super low level castor has the ability to carry very high load capacities with very low overall height, benefiting from quiet running technology this product will suit many confined space applications.


Our last range is the monster castor range. This range is one of the most popular due to the excessive load capacities and low overall heights which are achieved. Perfect for display stands and other applications where there is a heavy load but also a confined space.

To purchase all of these castors please see the links below-


Corner Castors –


Foot Castors –


Footmaster Castors –


Super low-level Castors –


Monster Castors –


For more information please contact or phone us on 01296 431135.



News Letter July 2019

Brand New Coldene Castors Wheel – Made in the UK

Coldene are proud to announce our brand-new design of our 125mm aluminium centre with a blue polyurethane tyre wheel (CDW125PA-ERGO).

Picture of wheel

coldene castors made in uk

Designed and manufactured in the UK.

Picture of wheel core being made

wheel core being made

Our aim is to make ‘buying wheels and castors made easy’ and so we have begun to manufacture the popular everyday products. Meeting European Standards, we can ensure our products are tested and compliant with the latest DIN requirements. Manufacturing wheels and castors in the UK has allowed us to increase our stock profile along with lead times for customers. We are able to keep competitive prices and still produce a high-quality product. Overall, we are making buying wheels and castors easy!


First UK supplier of IP67 bearings

Coldene hygienic levelling systems is the first distributor of IP67 bearings. Our waterproof IP67 bearing units comply with 3A and EHEDG regulation. We offer 4 types of IP67 bearings which we can supply from stock. If you are interested please contact or call us on 01296 531646.

IP67 Bearing Housings


We have a new catalogue coming!

If you are interested in our brand-new hygienic levelling feet catalogue then please contact us.



Coldene YouTube

We have recently started posting weekly videos on YouTube. Go and check out our channel and watch our lasts videos on container castors.

Go to YouTube




Quick Guide How To Measure A Wheel

In order to purchase the correct wheel there are some critical dimensions we require to ensure we supply the correct wheel.

  1. Use an accurate measuring devise.
  2. Wheel Diameter – this is the distance across the wheel from edge to edge
  3. Tread Width – This is the surface area of the wheel which touches the ground
  4. Hub Length – This is the length through the centre of the wheel – where the shaft would run
  5. Bore Size- This is the diameter of the hole in the centre of the wheel – double check this by measuring the outside diameter of the shaft or axle the wheel is intended to fit.
  6. Type of Bore – your wheel may have a number of centre bores:
    1. Plain Bore – Wheels with no bearing
    2. Needle Roller Bearing – A cage containing needle rollers
    3. Ball Bearing- Precision bearing
  7. Tyre Material – what is the tyre made from.
  8. Core Material – What is the centre of the wheel made from.
  9. Weight Loading – you may not 100% know the loading required however if you explain your application we can advise the product ranges we can offer.


Still not sure call our technical sales people who will be more than happy to assist.

01296 431135


Coldene Castors Garment rails Castors

Do you work in a clothing shop and are you fed up of lifting your clothing rails and moving them around all day in your shop? We all know they are not the lightest things in the world now don’t we.

There is a very simple solution to solve your problem which, when installed will take no effort at all to move your clothing rails! Just use castors. Now what is a castor you may be thinking? Let me tell you what they are and how you can use them for your clothing rails.

What is a castor?

A castor is a wheeled device typically mounted to a larger object that enables relatively easy rolling movement of the object. Casters are essentially special housings that include a wheel, facilitating the installation of wheels on objects.

How are they used with Clothing rails?

Commonly found at the foot of clothing rails are bolt hole and bolt hole braked castors, these casters are used because most clothing rails have a long pole at the bottom of them, as they need to fit into a single hole hence why the bolt hole castors are used because they have a single hole for which the garment rail pole can fit into.

Never get tired again!

Now simply push your clothing rails around your shop with ease and little effort. No more getting tired lifting them around the place.

If you want to find out more about our bolt hole and bolt hole braked castors and how they can help you, please get in touch with our experts on 01296 431135 to find the best solution for you.

Garment rail blog pic

01296 431135


A little bit about our fabricated castor range

When moving heavy loads here at Coldene Castors we have a wide range of extra heavy-duty fabricated casters to suit many applications.  Constructed from heavy duty steel components ensures strength and durability allowing heavy applications to be moved.

We offer three types of fabricated housing along with serval wheel choices, depending on the environment the castor is required to work on.


Fab castor range


Wheel materials include Nylon (Images above), Cast Iron, Polyurethane, Elastic rubber, ask our technical team which tyre is best for your application

To purchase please follow the link below –


Coldene castors extra heavy-duty fabricated castor range is one of our most popular ranges casters held in stock. Supplying predominantly to OEM  fabricators and engineers.

We offer a rapid delivery service on our product fabricated caster range.


If you have any questions regarding our heavy duty fabricated range or require a custom built heavy duty castor then please contact our technical sales department who will be happy to help.

01296 431135


Introducing the All Pneumatic Castor Range from Coldene Castors

The all pneumatic range of castors from Coldene Castors, provides a wide variety of products to choose from.

Providing excellent shock absorption characteristics, the pneumatic castor range is suitable for woodland, garden or sport field environments. The range is also ideal for applications where high ground clearance is essential and the wide tread width will not damage the terrain, such as cricket ground covers and score boards.

Available in high quality fabricated zinc plated fixed, swivel and swivel braked castor housing options, the range offers steel centre wheels with wheel diameters of 200mm, 260mm and 300mm.

Each housing has a double ball bearing in the head race to enable 360 degree movement.

The Top Plate is sized to 140 x 105mm, with Hole Centres 105 x 80mm.

Code   Wheel Dia (mm) Tread (mm) Load Capacity (kg) Overall Height (mm)    
CDSTPPNES200   200 60 130 260    
CDSTPPNES260   260 80 160 310    
CDSTPPNES300   300 90 160 355    
CDFTPPNES200   200 60 130 260    
CDFTPPNES260   260 80 160 310    
CDFTPPNES300   300 90 160 355    
CDSTPBPNES200   200 60 130 260    
CDSTPBPNES260   260 80 160 310    
CDSTPBPNES300   300 90 160 355    

All items are available ex-stock.


For more information, call us now on 01296 431135 or email